Regarded as the world’s biggest cardiovascular disease awareness-raising platform, “World Heart day” is observed on September 29 every year. Sponsored by the World Heart Federation (WHF), the international campaign aims to spread public attention about cardiovascular diseases, (including heart disease and stroke). The 2019 campaign is a global platform to inform millions of people around the globe about the preventive measures to be taken to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the number one cause of death globally. Reports from the World Health Organization (WHO) suggest that about 17.9 million people die every year from cardiovascular diseases (that is, 31 percent of all global deaths). Of these deaths, 85 percent are due to heart attack and stroke. CVD is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels that is associated with a build-up of fatty deposits inside the arteries. The condition can lead to heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. The exact cause of CVD is not known, but a combination of factors like – unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use and harmful use of alcohol can increase the risk of getting heart disease. CVDs can be easily prevented by incorporating positive lifestyle choices, which give equal importance to healthy diet and physical exercise. For correct clinical documentation of this heart condition, physicians can consider utilizing medical billing services.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) include heart attack/failure, angina, coronary artery disease, mitral regurgitation, pulmonary stenosis atrial fibrillation and more. Symptoms may often vary and depend on the specific condition. Typical symptoms of an underlying cardiovascular issue include – pain or pressure in the centre of the chest, pain or discomfort in the arms, left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back, shortness of breath, cold sweats, nausea and fatigue and lightheadedness or dizziness.

There is no single, specific test that confirms the presence of CVD. The diagnostic tests to be performed may mainly depend on the type of heart disease and its associated symptoms. As part of the initial diagnosis, cardiologists may perform a detailed physical exam and ask about the patient’s personal and family medical history before doing any tests. Besides doing blood tests and a chest X-ray to diagnose a heart disease, physicians may also perform a wide range of imaging tests such as Electrocardiogram (ECG), Echocardiogram, stress test, Holter monitoring, Cardiac catheterization, Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan and Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose the type and severity of heart disease so that they can be treated more effectively before complications arise. Treatment for this condition depends on the type of CVD and whether it is acute or chronic. Treatment options include – medications (to reduce low density lipoprotein cholesterol, improve blood flow, or regulate heart rhythm), cardiac rehabilitation (including exercise prescriptions and lifestyle counseling) and surgery (such as coronary artery bypass grafting or valve repair or replacement surgery). Cardiologists or other heart specialists while dealing with patients suffering from CVDs must report the symptoms, diagnosis screening tests and other treatment procedures and document the same with the correct medical codes. Medical billing and coding services offered by reputable medical billing companies can help physicians use the correct ICD-10 codes for their medical billing purposes.

ICD-10 Codes for CVDs

  • I50 – Heart failure
  • I50.1 – Left ventricular failure, unspecified
  • I50.2 – Systolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.20 – Unspecified systolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.21 – Acute systolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.22 – Chronic systolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.23 – Acute or chronic systolic (congestive) heart failure

  • I50.3 – Diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.30 – Unspecified diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.31 – Acute diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.32 – Chronic diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.33 – Acute or chronic diastolic (congestive) heart failure

  • I50.4 – Combined systolic (congestive) and diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.40 – Unspecified combined systolic (congestive) and diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.41 – Acute combined systolic (congestive) and diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.42 – Chronic combined systolic (congestive) and diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.43 – Acute or chronic combined systolic (congestive) and diastolic (congestive) heart failure

  • I50.8 – Other heart failure
    • I50.81 – Right heart failure
      • I50.810 -Right heart failure, unspecified
      • I50.811 – Acute right heart failure
      • I50.812 – Chronic right heart failure
      • I50.813 – Acute or chronic right heart failure
      • I50.814 -Acute or chronic right heart failure, due to left heart failure
    • I50.82 – Biventricular heart failure
    • I50.83 – High output heart failure
    • I50.84 – End stage heart failure
    • I50.89 – Other heart failure

  • I50.9 – Heart failure, unspecified

The idea for observing World Heart Day (WHD) was first proposed by Antoni Bayés de Luna, president of World Heart Federation (from 1997-1999) in the year 1999. The World Heart Federation (WHF), in conjunction with the World Health Organization (WHO) first announced the program to be observed in the year 2000 as an annual event on the last Sunday in the month of September. Over the next 13 years, WHF launched a number of initiatives which aimed to increase the attention given to cardiovascular diseases. However, it was in the year 2013 that the WHF decided to fix -“September 29” as the day for this observance. Both governmental and non-governmental organizations celebrate this day all over the globe and several activities related to heart health are organized.

Each year’s celebration focuses on a specific theme, reflecting key issues and topics related to heart health. The theme for the 2019 campaign is – “Creating Heart healthy Environments.” The theme focuses oncreating a global community of Heart Heroes – people from all walks of life who are acting now to live longer, better, heart-healthy lives by making a promise. The main aim is to educate, inspire and motivate people to keep their hearts healthy while encouraging them to act as influencers themselves.

As part of the 2019 one-day event, several annual events or activities will be conducted across the globe highlighting the actions that individuals can take to prevent and control cardiovascular diseases. Healthcare organizations across the world are hosting a variety of community and clinical activities like sports events (including walks, runs and fitness sessions), health checks, public talks, exhibitions and science fairs to create awareness about screening and treatment for CVD. In addition, some landmarks, monuments, and famous buildings choose to go red on this day as a symbol of cardiovascular disease awareness. World heart day posters, infographics and videos will be displayed in waiting rooms and resources will be shared via social media platforms.

Take part in World Heart Day (WHD) celebrations this September! Make important lifestyle changes to create heart healthy environments.