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Observe Thyroid Awareness Month This January

by | Jan 13, 2020 | Blog, Awareness Month | 0 comments

January is observed as “Thyroid Awareness Month” in the United States. Sponsored by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, it is the perfect time to spread awareness about the health and function of the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck (just below your Adam’s apple). The thyroid gland manufactures hormones that regulate your body’s metabolism in many ways. A properly functioning thyroid will maintain the right amount of hormones needed to keep the body’s metabolism functioning at a normal rate. Treatment for this condition include a combination of medications and in extreme cases a thyroid surgery. Endocrinologists or other specialists providing treatment for different types of thyroid disorders need to have adequate knowledge about the latest medical billing and coding guidelines and practices. For correct clinical documentation of this disorder, physicians can utilize the services of medical billing companies.

According to recent reports, there are about 20 million Americans living with some form of thyroid condition and up to 60 percent of them do not know that they suffer from this disease. It is estimated that women are around 8 times more affected than men, with key triggers being puberty, pregnancy and menopause. The month-long campaign is the ideal opportunity to discuss all aspects of thyroid disease -including the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options and also the many issues that thyroid patients face.

Different types of thyroid disorders occur when the thyroid gland produces too much hormone (hyperthyroidism) or not enough hormones (hypothyroidism). Depending on how much or how little hormone your thyroid gland makes, you may often feel restless or tired, or you may lose or gain weight. Other related disorders of the thyroid include – Hashimoto’s disease, Graves’ disease, Goiter, thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. There are many different reasons why either of these conditions might develop. Common symptoms include – weight gain/loss, dry, coarse skin and hair, intolerance to cold, infrequent, scant menstrual periods, sleep disturbances, enlarged thyroid gland, hoarse voice and more.

Diagnosis of thyroid disorders is often complex as the symptoms of each of these disorders differ and could be confused with other conditions. The diagnosis starts with a thorough medical history review and physical examination. Physicians may recommend a wide range of specialized diagnostic tests to diagnose the type and related causes of these disorders. Typically, blood tests are performed to measure levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), Anti-TPO antibodies, T3 and T4 (thyroxine) and Thyroglobulins. Imaging tests like – Thyroid scans, CT scans, Ultrasound, or PET scans may be performed when thyroid nodules or enlargement are present. However, in extreme cases, fine needle aspiration and biopsy are used to remove a sample of cells or tissue from the thyroid gland for detailed examination and diagnosis by a pathologist. Treatment for thyroid disorders aims to restore normal blood levels of thyroid hormone. Treatment modalities for this condition include – anti-thyroid medications, thyroid hormone pills, injecting this thyroid-stimulating agent, radioactive iodine therapy (that disables the thyroid), and even thyroid surgery to remove part of, or the entire gland (in extreme cases).

Endocrinologists and other specialists treating different types of thyroid disorders need to correctly diagnose the symptoms and report the screening tests and other procedures performed using the correct medical codes. Medical billing services offered by experienced medical billing and coding companies ensure this so that accurate claim submission is done. ICD-10 codes for different types of thyroid disorders include –

E00 – Congenital iodine-deficiency syndrome

  • E00.0 – Congenital iodine-deficiency syndrome, neurological type
  • E00.1 – Congenital iodine-deficiency syndrome, myxedematous type
  • E00.2 – Congenital iodine-deficiency syndrome, mixed type
  • E00.9 – Congenital iodine-deficiency syndrome, unspecified

E01 – Iodine-deficiency related thyroid disorders and allied conditions

  • E01.0 – Iodine-deficiency related diffuse (endemic) goiter
  • E01.1 – Iodine-deficiency related multinodular (endemic) goiter
  • E01.2 – Iodine-deficiency related (endemic) goiter, unspecified
  • E01.8 – Other iodine-deficiency related thyroid disorders and allied conditions

E02 – Subclinical iodine-deficiency hypothyroidism

E03 – Other hypothyroidism

  • E03.0 – Congenital hypothyroidism with diffuse goiter
  • E03.1 – Congenital hypothyroidism without goiter
  • E03.2 – Hypothyroidism due to medicaments and other exogenous substances
  • E03.3 – Post infectious hypothyroidism
  • E03.4 – Atrophy of thyroid (acquired)
  • E03.5 – Myxedema coma
  • E03.8 – Other specified hypothyroidism
  • E03.9 – Hypothyroidism, unspecified

E04 – Other nontoxic goiter

  • E04.0 – Nontoxic diffuse goiter
  • E04.1 – Nontoxic single thyroid nodule
  • E04.2 – Nontoxic multinodular goiter
  • E04.8 – Other specified nontoxic goiter
  • E04.9 – Nontoxic goiter, unspecified

E05 – Thyrotoxicosis [hyperthyroidism]

  • E05.0 – Thyrotoxicosis with diffuse goiter
  • E05.1 – Thyrotoxicosis with toxic single thyroid nodule
  • E05.2 – Thyrotoxicosis with toxic multinodular goiter
  • E05.3 – Thyrotoxicosis from ectopic thyroid tissue
  • E05.4 – Thyrotoxicosis factitia
  • E05.8 – Other thyrotoxicosis
  • E05.9 – Thyrotoxicosis, unspecified

E06 – Thyroiditis

  • E06.0 – Acute thyroiditis
  • E06.1 – Sub acute thyroiditis
  • E06.2 – Chronic thyroiditis with transient thyrotoxicosis
  • E06.3 – Autoimmune thyroiditis
  • E06.4 – Drug-induced thyroiditis
  • E06.5 – Other chronic thyroiditis
  • E06.9 – Thyroiditis, unspecified

E07 – Other disorders of thyroid

  • E07.0 – Hypersecretion of calcitonin
  • E07.1 – Dyshormogenetic goiter
  • E07.8 – Other specified disorders of thyroid
  • E07.9 – Disorder of thyroid, unspecified

The color for 2020 Thyroid disease awareness campaign is “Light Blue”. As part of the monthly campaign, healthcare centers, hospitals and other community health systems across the US will host a wide range of events like discussions and presentations to encourage people to get tested for thyroid disorders. The event also encourages people to show their support by making valuable donations to the many research or treatment centers in their area.

Join the campaign against “Thyroid disorder” this January! Understand the need for identifying the symptoms early, undergoing screening tests and treatment measures.

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