“World Heart Day (WHD)” is observed on September 29 every year. Sponsored by the World Heart Federation (WHF), the campaign aims at drawing global attention to cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including heart disease and stroke and their prevention. Regarded as the number one cause of death globally, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a group of disorders affecting the heart or blood vessels and which occur due to the build-up of fatty deposits inside the arteries. Incorporating healthy lifestyle habits, combining regular exercise and healthy diet patterns, can prevent the occurrence of these conditions. As there are different types of CVDs, billing and coding for these conditions can be challenging. For correct clinical documentation of this heart condition, physicians can consider utilizing medical billing services.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) include heart attack/failure, angina, coronary artery disease, mitral regurgitation, pulmonary stenosis atrial fibrillation and more. Reports suggest that an estimated 18.6 million deaths occur a year. The exact cause of CVD is not known, but a combination of factors like – unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use and harmful use of alcohol can increase the risk.

The 2021 campaign aims to highlight the actions that individuals can take to prevent and control CVD. It aims to drive action to educate people that by controlling risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity, at least 80 percent of premature deaths from heart disease and stroke could be avoided. Symptoms of this condition may vary and depend on the specific condition. Common symptoms include – pain or pressure in the centre of the chest, pain or discomfort in the arms, left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back, shortness of breath, cold sweats, nausea and fatigue and lightheadedness or dizziness.

World Heart Day is a global campaign during which individuals, families, communities, and governments around the world participate in activities to take charge of their heart health and that of others. There is no single, specific test that confirms the presence of CVD as these tests mainly depend on the type of heart disease and its related symptoms. Diagnosis of the condition involves a physical examination and evaluation of the patient’s medical history. Tests include blood tests and imaging tests such as chest X-ray, Electrocardiogram (ECG), Echocardiogram, stress test, Holter monitoring, Cardiac catheterization, Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan and Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose the type and severity of heart disease. Treatment for this condition depends on the type of CVD and whether it is acute or chronic. Treatment options include – medications, cardiac rehabilitation and surgery. Cardiologists treating CVD patients need to correctly document the diagnosis screening tests and other treatment procedures using the right medical codes. Medical billing and coding services offered by professional companies can ensure this as they have thorough knowledge about the related medical codes and payer-specific guidelines essential for correct billing and optimal reimbursement. ICD-10 diagnosis codes for CVD include –

  • I50 Heart failure
  • I50.1 Left ventricular failure, unspecified
  • I50.2 Systolic (congestive) heart failure

    • I50.20 Unspecified systolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.21 Acute systolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.22 Chronic systolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.23 Acute on chronic systolic (congestive) heart failure
  • I50.3 Diastolic (congestive) heart failure

    • I50.30 Unspecified diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.31 Acute diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.32 Chronic diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.33 Acute on chronic diastolic (congestive) heart failure
  • I50.4 Combined systolic (congestive) and diastolic (congestive) heart failure

    • I50.40 Unspecified combined systolic (congestive) and diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.41 Acute combined systolic (congestive) and diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.42 Chronic combined systolic (congestive) and diastolic (congestive) heart failure
    • I50.43 Acute on chronic combined systolic (congestive) and diastolic (congestive) heart failure
  • I50.8 Other heart failure

    • I50.81 Right heart failure

      • I50.810 …… unspecified
      • I50.811 Acute right heart failure
      • I50.812 Chronic right heart failure
      • I50.813 Acute on chronic right heart failure
      • I50.814 …… due to left heart failure
    • I50.82 Biventricular heart failure
    • I50.83 High output heart failure
    • I50.84 End stage heart failure
    • I50.89 Other heart failure
  • I50.9 Heart failure, unspecified

The idea of observing an international campaign was first conceived by Antoni Bayés de Luna – President of World Heart Federation (from 1997-1999), in the year 1999. The WHF in association with the World Health Organization (WHO) first announced the program to be observed as an annual event on the last Sunday in the month of September 2000. Over the years, WHF has launched a wide range of initiatives that focus on creating awareness about cardiovascular diseases. The first celebration of the annual event took place on September 24, 2000, and, until 2011, World Heart Day was observed on the last Sunday in September. It was in the year 2013 that the WHF decided to fix – “September 29” as the day for this observance.

Harnessing the power of digital health to improve awareness, prevention and management of CVD globally is the goal for Word Heart Day 2021. The theme for 2021 World Heart Day (WHD) is – “USE HEART TO CONNECT”. The theme aims to use the knowledge, compassion and influence to make sure that the affected people and the communities have the best chance to live heart-healthy lives. It is all about connecting with their hearts, making sure that people are fuelling and nurturing the best way possible and using the power of digital to connect every heart, everywhere.

Through this campaign, the WHF unites people from all countries and backgrounds in the fight against CVD, and inspires and drives international action to encourage heart-healthy living across the world. More than 90 countries take part in this international observance every year. Both governmental and non-governmental organizations join together all over the globe and several activities related to heart health are organized. These include marathons, walks, public talks, fitness sessions, exhibitions and science fairs. Certain landmarks, monuments, and famous buildings choose to go red on this day as a show of cardiovascular disease awareness. WHD posters, infographics and videos will be created and shared on social network platforms and websites, and displayed in schools, offices, clinics and hospitals.

Take Part in 2021 WHD Campaign and focus on ways to keep the heart healthy and help others do the same.